There was also an essential Jewish community in Bristol from the late twelfth century via to the late thirteenth century when all Jews were expelled from England. The stone bridge in-built 1247 was replaced by the current bridge through the 1760s. The city incorporated neighbouring suburbs and have become a county in 1373, the first town in England to be given this status.
During this era, Bristol became a shipbuilding and manufacturing centre. By the 14th century Bristol, York and Norwich have been England’s largest medieval towns after London. One-third to one-half of the inhabitants died within the Black Death of 1348–49, which checked inhabitants development, and its population remained between 10,000 and 12,000 for many of the fifteenth and 16th centuries.
The M Shed museum opened in 2011 on the positioning of the previous Bristol Industrial Museum. Both are operated by Bristol Museums, Galleries and Archives, which also runs three historic homes—the Tudor Red Lodge, the Georgian House and Blaise Castle House—and Bristol Archives. The 18th- and 19th-century portrait painter Thomas Lawrence, 19th-century architect Francis Greenway (designer of a lot of Sydney’s first buildings) have been born within the city. The graffiti artist Banksy is believed to be from Bristol, and many of his works are on show within the city.
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Nevertheless, in 1961 John Betjeman called Bristol “the most stunning, fascinating and distinguished city in England”. The Bristol Old Vic, founded in 1946 as an offshoot of The Old Vic in London, occupies the 1766 Theatre Royal on King Street; the one hundred fifty-seat New Vic (a studio-sort theatre), and a foyer and bar in the adjoining Coopers’ Hall . The Theatre Royal, a grade I listed constructing, is the oldest repeatedly operating theatre in England. The Bristol Old Vic Theatre School is a separate company, and the Bristol Hippodrome is a 1,951-seat theatre for nationwide touring productions. Other smaller theatres embrace the Tobacco Factory, QEH, the Redgrave Theatre at Clifton College and the Alma Tavern.
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bristol is residence to the regional headquarters of BBC West and the BBC Natural History Unit based mostly at Broadcasting House, which produces television, radio and on-line content material with a natural historical past or wildlife theme. These embody nature documentaries, together with The Blue Planet and Planet Earth. The city has a long affiliation with David Attenborough’s authored documentaries, including Life on Earth.
Airbus and Rolls-Royce are additionally based at Filton, and aerospace engineering is an space of analysis on the University of the West of England. Another aviation firm within the metropolis is Cameron Balloons, who manufacture hot air balloons; each August the city hosts the Bristol International Balloon Fiesta, considered one of Europe’s largest scorching-air balloon festivals.
Bristol constituencies in the House of Commons additionally included elements of different local authority areas until the 2010 basic election, when their boundaries had been aligned with the county boundary. At the 2017 general election, Labour won all four of the Bristol constituencies, gaining the Bristol North West seat, seven years after shedding it to the Conservatives. Wesley revealed a pamphlet on slavery, titled Thoughts Upon Slavery, in 1774 and the Society of Friends started lobbying towards slavery in Bristol in 1783.
His major speech on 2 April 1792 likewise described the Bristol slave commerce particularly, and led to the arrest, trial and subsequent acquittal of a neighborhood slaver captain named Kimber. Publishers in the city have included 18th-century Bristolian Joseph Cottle, who helped introduce Romanticism by publishing the works of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Arrowsmith revealed the Victorian comedies Three Men in a Boat (by Jerome K. Jerome) and The Diary of a Nobody by George and Weedon Grossmith. The contemporary Fleshlight Masturbators Range Redcliffe Press has published over 200 books masking all elements of the town. Bristol is house to YouTube video builders and stylists The Yogscast, with founders Simon Lane and Lewis Brindley moving their operations from Reading to Bristol in 2012.
Bristol’s theatre scene options a number of firms as well as the Old Vic, together with Show of Strength, Shakespeare on the Tobacco Factory and Travelling Light. Theatre Bristol is a partnership between the city council, Arts Council England and local residents to develop the city’s theatre industry. Several organisations assist Bristol theatre; the Residence (an artist-led community) provides workplace, social and rehearsal area for theatre and performance corporations, and Equity has a branch within the metropolis.
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The population of Bristol’s contiguous urban space was put at 551,066 by the ONS primarily based on Census 2001 knowledge. According to information from 2015, the urban area has the eighth-largest population in the UK with a daytime population of 724,000.
The metropolis has many venues for live music, its largest the two,000-seat Colston Hall named after Edward Colston. In 2010 PRS for Music referred to as Bristol the UK’s most musical city, based mostly on the number of its members born there relative to town’s inhabitants. Since the late Seventies Bristol has been home to bands combining punk, funk, dub and political consciousness. With journey hop and Bristol Sound artists corresponding to Tricky, Portishead and Massive Attack, the listing of bands from Bristol is intensive.
The metropolis is a stronghold of drum and bass, with artists corresponding to Roni Size’s Mercury Prize-profitable Reprazent, as DJ Krust, More Rockers and TC. Trip hop and drum & bass music, particularly, is a part of the Bristol city-tradition scene which obtained international media attention in the course of the Nineties. Major aerospace firms in Bristol include BAE Systems, a merger of Marconi Electronic Systems and BAe .
- Bristol is a suburban city situated in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States 20 miles southwest of Hartford.
- Bristol is primarily often known as the house of ESPN, whose central studios are within the city.
- According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the inhabitants of the town is 61,353.
- Bristol’s nicknames embody the Bell City, because of a historical past manufacturing revolutionary spring-pushed doorbells, and the Mum City because it was as soon as a pacesetter in chrysanthemum production and nonetheless holds an annual Bristol Mum Festival.
- Bristol was also called a clock-making city within the 19th century, and is residence to the American Clock and Watch Museum.
56.2% of the 209,995 Bristol residents who’re employed commute to work using both a car, van, motorbike or taxi, 2.2% commute by rail and 9.eight% by bus, whereas 19.6% walk. The ONS, utilizing Census 2001 knowledge, estimated town’s population at 441,556.
The port developed within the eleventh century around the confluence of the Rivers Frome and Avon, adjacent to Bristol Bridge just outside the city partitions . By the twelfth century Bristol was an important port, handling much of England’s commerce with Ireland, together with slaves.
Bristol is a suburban city located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States 20 miles southwest of Hartford. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the inhabitants of the town is sixty one,353. Bristol is primarily known as the home of ESPN, whose central studios are in the metropolis. Bristol is also house to Lake Coumpounce, America’s oldest nonetheless functioning theme park.
Bristol is unusual amongst main British cities and cities in its larger black than Asian inhabitants. These statistics apply to the Bristol Unitary Authority space, excluding areas of the urban space in South Gloucestershire, Bath and North East Somerset and North Somerset—corresponding to Kingswood, Mangotsfield, Filton and Warmley.
The rivers Avon and Frome cut through the limestone to the underlying clay, creating Bristol’s characteristically hilly panorama. The Avon flows from Bath within the east, through flood plains and areas which were marshes before the city’s development.
Bristol was also known as a clock-making city in the 19th century, and is house to the American Clock and Watch Museum. Bristol’s nicknames embrace the Bell City, because of a history manufacturing innovative spring-pushed doorbells, and the Mum City as a result of it was as soon as a frontrunner in chrysanthemum manufacturing and nonetheless holds an annual Bristol Mum Festival. In 2010, Bristol was ranked 84th on Money Magazine’s “Best Places to Live”. Bristol Temple Meads has Great Western Railway services which embody high-pace trains to London Paddington and native, regional and CrossCountry trains. Bristol Parkway, north of the town centre, has excessive-pace Great Western Railway providers to Swansea, Cardiff Central and London Paddington and CrossCountry companies to Birmingham and the North East.
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Data collection at these areas resulted in 2002 and 2001, respectively, and Filton Airfield is presently the nearest weather station to the city. Temperatures at Long Ashton from 1959 to 2002 ranged from 33.5 °C (ninety two.three °F) in July 1976 to −14.four °C (6.1 °F) in January 1982. Monthly excessive temperatures since 2002 at Filton exceeding these recorded at Long Ashton embody 25.7 °C (seventy eight.three °F) in April 2003, 34.5 °C (94.1 °F) in July 2006 and 26.8 °C (80.2 °F) in October 2011.
After St James’ Presbyterian Church was bombed on 24 November 1940, it was never once more used as a church; although its bell tower stays, its nave was transformed into workplaces. The metropolis has eleven mosques, several Buddhist meditation centres, a Hindu temple, Reform and Orthodox-Jewish synagogues and four Sikh temples. Secular buildings include The Red Lodge, built in 1580 for John Yonge as a lodge for a bigger home that after stood on the location of the current Colston Hall.
The lowest recent temperature at Filton was −10.1 °C (thirteen.eight °F) in December 2010. Although massive cities in general expertise an city heat island effect, with hotter temperatures than their surrounding rural areas, this phenomenon is minimal in Bristol. As of 2019, a four-line mass transit network with potential underground sections is proposed to link Bristol metropolis centre with Bristol Airport by way of South Bristol, the North Fringe, East Bristol and Bath. The M4 motorway connects the town on an east–west axis from London to West Wales, and the M5 is a north–south west axis from Birmingham to Exeter. The M49 motorway is a shortcut between the M5 within the south and the M4 Severn Crossing within the west, and the M32 is a spur from the M4 to the city centre.
) is a city and county in South West England with a population of 463,four hundred. The metropolis lies between Gloucestershire to the north and Somerset to the south. Bristol is part of a limestone area operating from the Mendip Hills within the south to the Cotswolds in the northeast.
Thomas Clarkson got here to Bristol to review the slave commerce and gained access to the Society of Merchant Venturers records. One of his contacts was the proprietor of the Seven Stars public house Bed Restraints And Under The Bed Ties, who boarded sailors Clarkson sought to satisfy. Through these sailors he was capable of observe how slaver captains and first mates “plied and stupefied seamen with drink” to sign them up.
Almshouses and pubs from the identical period intermingle with fashionable growth. Several Georgian squares were designed for the middle class as prosperity increased in the course of the 18th century. During World War II, the town centre was closely bombed in the course of the Bristol Blitz. The central purchasing area close to Wine Street and Castle Street was notably exhausting-hit, and the Dutch House and St Peter’s Hospital have been destroyed.
To the west the Avon cuts by way of the limestone to form the Avon Gorge, aided by glacial meltwater after the final ice age. Bristol’s boundaries are outlined in a number of ways, relying on whether they’re these of the town, the developed space, or Greater Bristol. The narrowest definition of the town is the town council boundary, which incorporates a large section of the western Severn Estuary as much as the islands of Steep Holm and Flat Holm.
The Portway connects the M5 to the town centre, and was the costliest road in Britain when opened in 1926. Manor homes embrace Goldney Hall, where the highly embellished Grotto dates from 1739. Commercial buildings such as the Exchange and Old Post Office from the 1740s are also included within the listing. The 18th-century Kings Weston House, in northern Bristol, was designed by John Vanbrugh and is the only Vanbrugh constructing in any UK metropolis outside London.
Bristol has a number of Christian churches; probably the most notable are the Anglican Bristol Cathedral and St Mary Redcliffe and the Roman Catholic Clifton Cathedral. Nonconformist chapels embrace Buckingham Baptist Chapel and John Wesley’s New Room in Broadmead.
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It was subsequently added to in Georgian occasions and restored in the early 20th century. St Bartholomew’s Hospital is a twelfth-century city house which was incorporated right into a monastery hospital based in 1240 by Sir John la Warr, 2nd Baron De La Warr (c. The Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery houses a collection encompassing natural historical past, archaeology, local glassware, Chinese ceramics and artwork.
Limited service to London Waterloo by way of Clapham Junction from Bristol Temple Meads is operated by South Western Railway, and there are scheduled coach links to most main UK cities. The weather stations nearest Bristol for which long-term climate information are available are Long Ashton (about 5 miles south west of the city centre) and Bristol Weather Station, in the metropolis centre.